History in Wittenberg
More than just the nailing of the Theses
Wittenberg gained major significance in the 16th century as one of the most important German centers of political, cultural-historical and artistic endeavors. The world famous locations of the Reformation in the historic city center and various buildings from different eras are among the most important places of German history. For hundreds of years, guests have come to see the places of activity of Martin Luther, Philip Melanchton and Lucas Cranach the Elder. Wittenberg was both the capital of the "Sächsischer Kurkreis" (Saxon Electoral District) and the ducal and electoral residence of Saxonia-Wittenberg.
Later on, the city became the center of the chemical industry and figured as an important railway junction of the routes Berlin-Leipzig and Magdeburg-Dresden. Featuring the Stadtkirche Wittenberg (Town Church of St. Mary's), the Schlosskirche Allerheiligen (All Saint's Church, commonly referred to as Castle Church), Luther House and Melanchton House, as well as the nearby Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm, Wittenberg and its surroundings are the region with the most UNESCO World Heritage sites worldwide.